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Bab el-Futuh
Fatimid period, late 11th century

  In the late 11th century Vizier Badr al-Jamali had a massive fortress laid out around the residence of al-Qahirah (Cairo) for the Fatimid caliphs. An Armenian master builder from Odessa familiar with the construction of fortifications was engaged as architect. The Armenian erected a mighty structure with rectangular bastions, 60 entrance gates, and rounded battlements along the entire coping of the wall.
Although the city wall never had to withstand a siege, only a part of it measuring 1968 ft (600 m) in length has been preserved, along with three gatehouses: the Bab el-Futuh (“Gate of Conquest”), and the Bab en-Nasr (“Gate of Victory”), and the Bab Zuwaylah, which was still in use as a place of public execution in the 19th century.

The Bab al-Futuh consists of two massive round towers and the gateway between them, with curved flying buttresses and rounded battlements above. The guardrooms also lay above the gateway passage, which is 16 ft (5 m) wide and 20 ft (6.80 m) high, with its original foundations 13 ft (4 m) below the present surface level. The arcades beside the entrance are ornamented with a frieze of radiating lines above the arches.
 
 
The Pyramid of Cheops

The largest pyramid ever built in Egypt was known as the horizon of Cheops. This is building, astonishing in the precision of its execution

The Pyramid of Chephren

king Chephren had his pyramid built in Giza at a diagonal angle to the building erected by Cheops.

The Pyramid of Mycerinus

The modest height of the pyramid of Mycerinus, which formerly reached 216 ft (66 m), may have been a country...
 
The Great Sphinx

The figure of the great Sphinx was worked from a rocky out crop. The colossal sculpture (240 x 65 ft; 73.5 x 20 m)
 
The Solar Barque of Cheops

In 1954, yet another sensational find was in the necropolis area of Giza, already far from lacking in major discoveries. While work was in progress directly in front of the south side of the pyramid of Cheops.
 
Egyptian Museum

The first Egyptian Museum of Pharaonic antiquities was established in 1863 by the famous French archeologist, Auguste Mariette. Afterwards, because of the many Pharaonic treasurers discovered in Egypt .
 
Memphis

The present situation of the ancient capital of Egypt could hardly be put more cogently, for very little of the former glory of the metropolis remains. A few colossal royal statues, the great alabaster sphinx.

Saqqara

Beside the cemetery area of the western Thebes, Saqqara is the most extensive mortuary town in Egypt, and it is known to have been used from the early Dynastic period (First / Second Dynasties)

The Pyramid Complex of Djoser

The great burial district of King Djoser forms the lonely peak in the development of the royal burial sites of the early 3rd millennium B.C. which combine elements of the upper Egypt and lower Egyptian traditions.
 
Dahshur

Only a few miles south of Saqqara stretches the important and extensive pyramid field of Dahshur (opened to the public 1996). Immediately on the edge of the fertile land lie the brick buildings of tree rules of the Twelfth Dynasty.
 
The Coptic Museum

The  Coptic museum, founded in 1908 by Marcus Simaika Pasha, contains the largest collection of Coptic monuments in the world.

The el-Moallaqa Church

The church of the Virgin Mary was constructed above the two 59-ft (18-m) towers of the southern gateway of the fortress of Babylon

Jewish Monuments

The Moses Ben Maimon synagogue is an important historical and religious monument in Egypt, and its restoration will return a piece of Jewish heritage to Egypt.
 
Al-Azhar Mosque

No other mosque in Cairo surpasses Al-Azhar , "The Flowering," in tradition and importance. Soon after its foundation in 970 A.D. it became the site of university studies, which continued there to the present.
 
Ibn Tulun Mosque

Cairo owns one of its oldest and most beautiful mosques to Ahmed Ibn Tulun, founder of the short lived Tulunid dynasty.
 
Mosque of Sultan Hasan

The mosque built below the citadel by Sultan Hasan 91347-1361) is among the outstanding achievements of Islamic architecture.
 
Muhammad Ali Mosque ( The Citadel of Cairo)

The citadel of Cairo was built under Ayyubid dynasty between 1176 and 1207, and later extended to Mamluk and Ottoman pashas, Sultan Al-Nasir Muhammad (1294 - 1340) had a mosque as well as his principal palace built there.

Bab el-Futuh

In the lat 11th century Vizier Badr Al Jamali had a massive fortress laid out around the residence of Cairo

Mosque of Qait Bey

This complex is among the finest buildings in Cairo, It consists of a portal area with well, a minaret.
 
Discover Cairo

Cairo has been the living heart of Egypt for over 1000 years.As the capital of the country and the seat of government,....
Cairo Attractions 

Cairo attractions and sightseeing attractions in Cairo. Book Cairo attraction tours with Select Egypt
Cairo Holidays

special discount holiday packages offers for Cairo travel. We give you tailor made holiday deals for Cairo travel
Cairo Tours & Excursions

special discount holiday packages offers for Cairo excursions. We give you tailor made holiday deals for Cairo travel
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Cairo Hotels

Choose from over 89 Cairo hotels with huge savings. Whatever your budget, compare prices and read reviews for all our Cairo hotels
Cairo Map

Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the most important city in the land of the Nile. Greater Cairo, being the largest city in Africa,
Cairo Monuments

The best monuments of Cairo. Information about Cairo monuments, landmarks, historic buildings and museums in Cairo.
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